English Australia Journal : English Australia Journal 32.1
Volume 32 No 1 96 English Australia Journal English. Perhaps ELT publishers could take into account the standards of English and create more diverse materials, incorporating features of ‘less popular ’ varieties? Aside from this, four chapters of Standards of English are dedicated to looking at the uK’s different varieties. Among other things, they investigate the sociolinguistic influences on Scottish English, the continuing phonological evolution of British English, and the difference between Irish Standard English and Standard Irish English. In other chapters, the continuing development of a standard is explored in a number of other contexts, such as the Cook Islands, where there is debate over whether its English has become standardised, and malta, where English is said to not yet be codified. In a number of West African countries there is debate over whether the language will eventually become standardised, while it is suggested that in East Africa, the countries’ shared common Anglophone background makes the development of a standard seem more likely. Historical factors in the development of a standard are explored in chapters on countries in South and South-East Asia, such as India and Singapore, which most readers would recognise as having identifiable varieties of English. The final chapter carefully explains four possible main reasons for the resistance to standardisation: competition, non-standard inputs, missing lobbies and language evolution over time. Standards of English will be of value to anyone interested in varieties, standardisation and the development of a standard. Chapter 15 in particular would most benefit English Language professionals based in Australia as it presents important historical data on the evolution of the Australian variety (particularly vowel sounds), which is so often poorly understood and badly depicted by the general media. Also, although the book is not targeted at teachers per se, it is interesting to consider how its theory could relate to practice in the English teaching and publishing worlds; for example, in course and material design. overall, this is an incredibly valuable text and can be seen as a true achievement in its overview of the current state of play of varieties of English. References Frenkel, D. (2015, october 26). Australia, we need to talk about the way we speak. Retrieved from http://www.theage.com.au/comment/the-fourth-r-missing-from- australian-education-20151025-gkhv8k.html milroy, J., & milroy, L. (1985). Authority in language: Investigating language prescription and standardisation. London: Routledge & K. Paul.
English Australia Journal 31.2
English Australia Journal Volume 32.02