English Australia Journal : English Australia Journal 28.1
Volume 28 No 1 25 English Australia Journal Extract 1: Acknowledged secondary citation made by a student Coherence is linked to how information is structured within clause and sentences, for example, theme and rheme, and how it is related to coherence (Danes 1974; Firbas 1986, cited in Lee 2002). [Student Lu] Unacknowledged secondary citation Even though a large number of secondary citations were identified, most of them were not properly quoted. Their superficial conformity to acceptable secondary citation practice could cause confusion for the reader. The problem can be illustrated by comparing the students’ quoted versions of existing text with the original sources. Extract 2 indicates the kind of citations that were made through a secondary source without acknowledgement. In Extract 2a, Student Lu, in his dissertation in 2006, quoted ‘Carrell (1988)’. However, Lee (2002) has quoted ‘Carrell (1988)’ in identical language. The repeated language suggests that Student Lu based his account on Lee, as shown in Extract 2b. In other words, Student Lu did not acknowledge the secondary citation of Lee (2002). Extract 2: Unacknowledged secondary citation (example 1) 2a (Student’s version) Modern reading theories have pointed out that text processing is an interaction between the reader and the text and that readers exercise their knowledge of the world (content schemata) and knowledge of text structures (formal schemata) to make sense of the text (Carrell 1988). [Student Lu] 2b (Original) Modern reading theories maintain that text processing is an interaction between the reader and the text and that readers exercise their knowledge of the world (content schemata) and knowledge of text structures (formal schemata) to make sense of a text (Carrell 1988). (Lee, 2002, p. 137) Similarly, Student Ying (2001) cited ‘Chelala (1981)’ through a secondary source without acknowledgement, as seen in Extract 3a. Ying used almost identical wording to Hall (1990) in Extract 3b, suggesting that her report of the source from Chelala was based on Hall’s secondary account; however, Ying did not acknowledge Hall (1990).
English Australia Journal 27.2
English Australia Journal 28.2