English Australia Journal : English Australia Journal 30.1
Volume 30 No 1 31 English Australia Journal Strategies Instances of strategy use % of instances of strategy used 11. used my knowledge of how texts like this are organised 16 5% 12. connected information from the text with knowledge I already have 21 7% 13. guessed the answer 19 6% Total: 321 100% Key: + most used strategies, - least used strategies Strategy 2 (quickly matched words that appeared in the question with similar or related words in the text) was clearly the predominant strategy, accounting for 19% of all instances of strategy use. 100% of participants used Strategy 2 at least three times in the test. Strategies 10 (read relevant parts of the text again) and 9 (read the text or part of it slowly and carefully) were each used at least once by 90% of participants. Strategy 1 (matched words in the question with exactly the same words in the text) was used at least twice by 75% of participants. The least utilised strategies were 5 (worked out the meaning of a difficult word in the question), 3 (looked for parts of the text that the writer indicates to be important), 6 (worked out the meaning of a difficult word in the text), and 8 (used my knowledge of grammar). Success of strategies To highlight patterns of successful strategy use, we compare the highest-scoring group of participants with lower-scoring groups. Distinctive patterns of strategy use emerge between the three groups. The three high-scoring (>23) participants all used Strategies 2, 9 and 12, constituting 44% of total strategy use for this group. No high- scorers used Strategy 1 (matched the words in the question with the same words in the text). While the lower scoring groups also relied on Strategies 2 and 9, they also employed Strategies 1 and 10. Strategy 13 (guessed the answer) was also popular, used by those scoring below 23 71% of the time, but only by one of those scoring above 23. As with preview strategies, the high-scoring group’s strategy selection was broadly similar to those in the 19-22 range. Yet as with preview strategy use, the lower-scoring group exhibited greater variation of strategies and less success. Strategy use delineated by type of question The mock IELTS test used contained six different question types. Table 5 presents strategy frequency for each question type and the proportion (%) of participants who used each strategy.
English Australia Journal 28.2
English Australia Journal 31.1